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After EPA review, products may be listed on the NCP Subpart J Product Schedule in accordance with 40 CFR 300.900 et seq. The listing of a product on the Product Schedule does NOT mean that EPA approves, recommends, licenses, certifies, or authorizes the use of that product on an oil discharge. Additionally, the listing of a product on the Product Schedule does not mandate the use of that product by the Federal On-Scene Coordinator (FOSC), state, industry, or any oil spill response organization. Only a FOSC may authorize the use of a product that has been listed on the Product Schedule. RRTs and Area Committees may predetermine the suitability of using a product at a particular location, provided that product is listed on the Product Schedule. In some cases, these “preauthorization zones” have been established for designated areas. The FOSC may authorize the use of products not already pre-authorized for use in a pre-authorization zone, or may authorize the use of products outside of a pre-authorization zone, under the process established by 40 CFR 300.910. In determining the proper response, the FOSC must consider a number of factors unique to each oil discharge when determining which- if any- products should be authorized for use to address the discharge. No single product has been scientifically proven to work more effectively than other products in all potential discharge response situations.
| ||Approved by the NRT Members on May 30, 2013, this guidance was developed to assist OSCs and RRTs in making incident-specific and planning decisions regarding environmental monitoring during atypical dispersant operations. The guidance is a living document envisioned to continue addressing monitoring challenges as conditions dictate; and allows for the inclusion of other atypical dispersant applications. In its current version, this document contains the following:|
- Subsea Application Guidance – generally applies to the subsurface ocean environment, focusing particularly on operations in waters below 300 meters and below the average pycnocline.
- Prolonged Surface Application Guidance – supplements and complements the existing protocols as outlined in the SMART monitoring program where the duration of the application of dispersants on discharged oil extends beyond 96 hours from the time of the first application.
| ||Developed by Region III and IV Response Teams, this guidance is designed to help OSCs and spill responders evaluate in real-time dispersants, surface washing agents, bioremediation agents, surface collecting agents and other miscellaneous oil spill control agents when mechanical measures prove insufficient.|
| ||Provides guidance to resource managment agencies, potential respoinsible parties (PRP), oiled bird rehabilitators and OSCs on the "best practices" for promoting the welfare of migratory birds during an oil spill respons. "Best Practices" strives to enable these parties to make informed decisions by addressing topics including: ACP development, evaluation of contractors for bird capture and rehabilitation, and evaluation of oiled bird rehabilitation.|
| ||This consolidated list has been prepared to help firms handling chemicals determine whether they need to submit reports under sections 302, 304, or 313 of EPCRA; whether they are subject to accident prevention regulations; and what reports may need to be submitted.|
| ||SMART, a guidance document, recommends monitoring methods, equipement, peronnel training, and command and control procedures that stike a balance between the operational demand for rapid response and the Unified Command's need for feedback from the field in order to make informed decisions.|
| ||Emulsification of oil can severely inhibit recovery capabilities of skimmers, reduce pumping volumes, and render non-mechanical techniques less effective. Emulsion breakers (de-emulsifiers) are used to break or prevent the formation of emulsions on the open seas and break recovered emulsions in skimmers and tanks. This fact sheet provides an up-to-date summary of emulsion breaker research, and identifies further needed areas of research.|
| ||Produced by the Standard Oil Spill Response Management System (STORMS) task force, this FOG is intended to provide guidance in forming a response management system for oil spills. It is endorsed by Firescope California, is consistent with NIMS and ICS/UC and complies with the NCP.|
| ||Discusses the use of chemical dispersants as an oil spill response strategy for open-water application. Reviews past use, effectiveness, toxicity, and mechanics of dispersant.|
| ||On March 24, 1989 Exxon Valdez struck Bligh Reef in Prince William Sound, Alaska resulting in the largest oil spill in United States history. This NRT study evaluates the preparedness for, response to, and early lessons learned from the Exxon Valdez incident and recommends methods to improve response to Spills of National Significance (SONS).|
| ||Update discusses the progress Federal agencies made in implementing the recommendations of the 1989 and 1990 Valdez reports. Also, identifies the strengths and challenges of U.S. oil spill planning and preparedness regimen.||